Transformation: Coupled Diff Eq → Single Diff Eq

Methods for transforming from coupled differential equations to a single nth order differential equation were discussed on the page "System Representation by Differential Equations," example 3 and example 4.   Another example is included below.  It shows how to start with a set of coupled differential equations and transform them into a single nth order differential equation.

Example: Deriving a single nth order differential equation from coupled equations

Consider the system shown with fa(t) as input and x(t) as output.  Find the differential equation relating x(t) to fa(t).


We can write free body equations for the system at x and at y.

Freebody Diagram Equation

Take the Laplace Transform of both equations with zero initial conditions (so derivatives in time are replaced by multiplications by "s" in the Laplace domain).

Now solve the second equation for Y(s) and substitute into the first equation and clear the fractions (so there are only positive powers of s).


Convert back to differential equation (replacing "s" in Laplace by a derivative in time).

Matlab Solution

Matlab code, html


© Copyright 2005 to 2019 Erik Cheever    This page may be freely used for educational purposes.

Erik Cheever       Department of Engineering         Swarthmore College